Cucumber: Important things to know

Important things to know about Cucumber


Derived from the Gourd family, cucumber is a famous plant consumed by the majority of the Mauritian market. The origin of cucumber can be traced back from the South Asian continent. Cucumber is actually a type of botanical berry even though it is perceived and consumed as a vegetable. The majority of a cucumber is made from water.

Health Benefits

Cucumbers are the fourth most cultivated vegetable in the world and known to be one of the best foods for your body’s overall health, often referred to as a superfood. Cucumbers are often sprayed with pesticides so it is important to buy organic.

Like watermelon, cucumbers are made up of mostly (95 percent) water, which means eating them on a hot summer day can help you stay hydrated.

Important things to know about Cucumber

However, there are many other healthy reasons to eat cucumbers all year long. With vitamin K, B vitamins, copper, potassium, vitamin C, and manganese, cucumbers can help you to avoid nutrient deficiencies and cucumbers contain unique polyphenols and other compounds that may help reduce your risk of chronic diseases and much, much more.

  1. Protect Your Brain: Cucumbers contain an anti-inflammatory flavonol called fisetin that appears to play an important role in brain health. In addition to improving your memory and protecting your nerve cells from age-related decline, fisetin has been found to prevent progressive memory and learning impairments in mice with Alzheimer’s disease.
  2. Cures Bad Breath: A slice of cucumber can do wonders for people with bad breath. Pressing a slice of cucumber to the roof of your mouth with your tongue for 30 seconds, the phytochemicals will kill the bacteria in your mouth responsible for causing bad breath. Also eating cucumbers may also help to release excess heat in your stomach, which is said to be a primary cause of bad breath.
  3. Skin and hair care: If you don’t like to eat the skin, it can be used for skin irritations and sunburns as aloe would be used. Place a slice over puffy eyes and its anti-inflammatory properties help reduce puffiness. The silicon and sulphur in cucumbers help to stimulate hair growth.
  4. Protect your brain from neurological diseases: An anti-inflammatory substance called fisetin is present in cucumbers, as well as strawberries and grapes. It has recently been suggested that fisetin plays an important role in brain health: It would have “the ability to reduce the impact of age-related neurological diseases on brain function,” and it would also help maintain cognitive function in people with Alzheimer’s disease.
  5. Cures diabetes, reduces cholesterol and controls blood pressure: Cucumber juice contains a hormone which is needed by the cells of the pancreas for producing insulin which has been found to be beneficial to diabetic patients. Researchers found that a compound called sterols in cucumbers may help reduce cholesterol levels. Cucumbers contain a lot of potassium, magnesium and fibre. These work effectively for regulating blood pressure. This makes cucumbers good for treating both low blood pressure and high blood pressure.
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Important things to know about Cucumber

Nutritional value

Water: g 95.23
Energy: kcal 15
Protein: g 0.65
Total lipid (fat): g 0.11
Carbohydrate, by difference g 3.63
Fiber, total dietary: g 0.5
Sugars, total: g 1.67


Calcium, Ca: mg 16
Iron, Fe: mg 0.28
Magnesium, Mg: mg 13
Phosphorus, P: mg 24
Potassium, K: mg 147
Sodium, Na: mg 2
Zinc, Zn: mg 0.2


Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid: mg 2.8
Thiamin: mg 0.027
Riboflavin: mg 0.033
Niacin mg 0.098
Vitamin B-6: mg 0.04
Folate, DFE µg 7
Vitamin B-12 µg 0
Vitamin A, RAE: µg 5
Vitamin A, IU: IU 105
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol): mg 0.03
Vitamin D (D2 + D3): µg 0
Vitamin D: IU 0
Vitamin K (phylloquinone): µg 16.4


Fatty acids, total saturated: g 0.037
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated: g 0.005
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated: g 0.032
Fatty acids, total trans: g 0
Cholesterol: mg 0

Amino Acids


Caffeine: Mg 0

Source: Mercola, HuffingtonPost, NaturalnewsUSDA